Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 13cm long, mostly lanceolate (lance-shaped) or sometimes elliptic with entire margins, dark green and glossy on top, paler and semi glossy beneath, hairless, scented when crushed, firm and stiff in texture. Distribution: Common from the NSW south coast to Qld. Young stems, petiole, petiolule and veins on lower leaf surface are all covered in fine, white hair. The specimen in the image is partly overgrown by a Giant Pepper Vine (Piper hederaceum) (Picture 1). Bark is brown coloured, firm and covered in small ridges and blisters on older stems (2). The fruit is an ovoid shaped pod up to 12mm long, which is covered in fine brown hair, as are the old calyx, stems and young branches. Leaf apex is long acuminate, base shape is cuneate. Mid rib and lateral veins are raised on the lower leaf surface and covered in woolly, rusty hair as are the petiole and young stems (4 & 5). The primary leaf stalk (petiole) is up to 2.5cm long, hairy and broadly grooved on top. River She-oak Casuarina cunninghamiana A palmate vein arrangement branches out at the base of the leaf blade into multiple main veins emerging from a single point. The large pinnate compound leaves reach 1m in length and can feature more than 30 individual leaflets, which are; up to 35cm long, mostly oblong in shape with sharply toothed margins, hairless and dark green on top, pale green and finely brownish hairy on veins beneath, very strong and rigid in texture. 5. Very closely spaced lateral veins (often faint) that branch of the centre vein and run to the leaf margins. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 12cm long, mostly broadly oblong in shape with entire margins, hairless, rather dull and dark green on top, paler green beneath, strong and smooth. Distribution: from the NSW south coast to central Qld. squamea occurring in NSW (Photo 1). Flowers measure 6 to 8mm in diameter when fully opened (3). A pulvinus is Rainforests of Australia's East Coast. The rachis towards the apex of the compound leaf can be winged (4 & 5). Simple leaves with a regularly spaced alternate arrangement are; up to 16cm long, mainly elliptic to oblanceolate (reverse lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green, glossy on top, paler green below, smooth and firm in texture. 3. Examples for this base shape include the Macleay Laurel Anopterus macleayanus (Page 7) and the Thin-leaved Coondoo Pouteria chartacea (Page 11). Native Australian tree images for identification purposes. Bark is brown in colour with a firm and finely rough texture (2). Growing buds are finely hairy (Photos 4 & 5). It inhabits coastal environments, the tablelands of the Great Dividing range and drier inland locations (Picture 1). Tree identification manual For the north-east Darling Downs region. Proper tree identification is the first step to understanding and managing our forests. Bark on younger specimens is light grey and changes to a more light brown colour with maturity. Tree Names Common Name Family Genus & Species white oak Fagaceae Quercus alba black oak Fagaceae Quercus velutina white pine Pinaceae Pinus strobus Trees that have a variety name in paranthesis (var. The persisting calyx (flower base) is visible at the base of the fruit (3). 5. The attractive foliage is made up of large bipinnate (twice divided) compound leaves that feature 2 to 6 pinnae (branches) with normally 8 leaflets each. Sample shown in image 2 is the Native Guava Rhodomyrtus psidioides. The dark trunk is a prominent characteristic in identification. It is quite common to find leaf/leaflets with different margins on the same tree. Leaf apex shape is rounded, base is obtuse. The sepals (calyx lobes) are hairy, up to 2mm long and pointed at the apex. It is often a pioneer species in regenerating forest areas (Picture 1). New Holland Publishers: January 2016 3. 6. Alternate arrangement of simple leaves. The fruit is a sickle-shaped pod up to 20cm long, changing from green to black in colour with full maturity. This more uncommon leaf base shape is a good identification characteristic. 2. The fruit is a tough and 3 lobed (chambered) capsule, orange to red in colour, which splits lengthwise to reveal 3 hard and brownish coloured seeds (4). Red Carabeen Karrabina benthamiana The ribbed outer surface of the fruit is of leathery consistency. within upland and lowland tropical rainforests (Photo 1). They are fringed appendages, called corolline ligules, interspersed with stamens, featuring inconspicuous elongated anthers (3). It relates to the axis to which leaflets are attached to. The fleshy fibrous fruit turns red at full maturity and is covered in fine white hair. It is a small tree, up to 10m tall with an often crooked multi-branching trunk and attractive dense glossy foliage (Photo 1). The Australian Tree Images Pages only mention the presence of domatia in the case of good visibility. The fruit (a capsule) is typical for the genus and reaches a length of 2.5cm. Fruit ripens over winter into spring (3 & 4). In the centre, the prominent straight style is a dark pink or purplish colour and hairy towards the base. Compound leaves feature 3 leaflets, which are; up to 5cm long, elliptical, oblong or lance-shaped with entire in-rolled margins, dark green, mostly hairless and covered in tiny glands on the upper surface, paler green and hairy (on centre vein) below, strongly scented when crushed. Old capsules will remain on branches for years (4). It is naturally found as an understorey species on the margins and This and other specific characters such as smell make it relative easy to identify this tree species (5). Bark is light brown in colour, firm and finely fissured (2). Distribution: North Qld. The book was written and illustrated by the author of the tree identification web pages. This beautiful tree species can attain a height of up to 40m and naturally occurs along water courses, but is rare these days due to clearing of subtropical rainforests. Distribution: Restricted and endemic to north Qld. Slender Harpullia Harpullia rhyticarpa Due to its small natural distribution range and extensive clearing of subtropical and warm temperate rainforests, the Rusty Plum Niemeyera whitei has become a relatively rare native tree species. 1. Small flower spikes are inconspicuous when compared to other Callistemon species, but are an unusual and attractive pale pink colour. They measure up to 12mm in diameter when fully opened and feature 5 pure white petals up to 5mm long. Acute or gradually tapering into a point. Leaflets of the Hairy Rosewood Dysoxylum rufum (Page 7) and the Red Cedar Toona australis (Page 9) share this feature. Shiny-leaved Stinging Tree Dendrocnide photinophylla Pocket Field Guides One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. Petiole (leaf stalk) is less than 1cm long and covered in small silvery scales (5). Centre Vein: Red Tulip Oak Argyrodendron peralatum Other names: Red Crowsfoot This species is dioecious, producing male and female flowers on separate trees. The resource link on our 'Australian Tree Identification' pages shows publications and websites with further information. Mid-vein is raised on both leaf surfaces. Leaf apex shape is short acuminate ending in a fine point, base shape is rounded. It inhabits subtropical and warm temperate rainforests, where it can form the uppermost canopy (Picture 1). The attractive foliage consists of simple leaves with an alternate arrangement. The shape of a leaf can also give clues when identifying broadleaf tree species. Many Australian tree species can feature more than one leaf shape on the same tree or even branch and the description may read; leaf/leaflet shape is elliptic or ovate. Conspicuous venation is densely covered in rusty brown hair and raised on lower leaf surface. Flowers with 5 ovate petals measure about 5 to 6mm across when fully opened. The ability to recognise common leaf base shapes is useful in identification of native Australian tree species and descriptions on the tree web pages employ definitions explained below. Venation is clearly visible and domatia are present as hairy tufts on lower leaflet surface (5). Green circles show position of axillary (growth) buds. Also, this book makes you look closely at bark and notice how details differ during the life-span of trees. Many of the trees and shrubs are growing at or near one of more of the plant materials centers operated by the Natural Resources Conservation Service nationwide. Distribution: NSW central coast to Qld. This small understorey tree species is a common occurrence on margins of subtropical and other rainforests types, in regrowth areas and in tall Eucalypt dominated forests. Use the Key to Species, which is based on leaf characteristics, to identify native trees and shrubs found on Australia's east coast. Cuneate: The botanical term of cuneate is best described as wedge-shaped, i.e. (Alternate leaf arrangement) 4. This small to medium sized tree reaches a height of 15 to 20m in its natural habitat of tropical lowland and upland rainforests. A small growth node, called an axillary bud, is positioned where the petiole (leaf stalk) joins the stem. It inhabits the margins of cool- and warm temperate rainforests and other wet tall forests (Photo 1). The best way to control bugs is to walk through your garden each day and look for signs of bugs or bug damage. Seeds are very uniform in weight, size and shape making them useful as beads in craft work. See Compound Leaf Characteristics Pinnate & Palmate for more information on this page below. Most Comprehensive Book on Individual Trees. Format: Paperback with PVC This small to medium sized tree species is a member of the Laurel family (LAURACEAE) known for their spicy scent when leaves are crushed. Leaves are mostly three-veined in the lower part of the lamina, which is a good identification characteristic. Mid vein and laterals are raised and covered in fine rusty brown hair on lower leaf surface. The three-veined pattern starting from the base of the leaf is broadly raised on the upper surface, which is a good identification feature. 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