The Malawi Government has become increasingly concerned about the deterioration of the country's natural resources and the environment. where the EIA has determined a negative environmental threshold. for monitoring trends in environmental change in Malawi. 4.13.8.Increase incentives/penalties to promote sustainable productivity practices. substantially so that the growth of the population is more consistent with The Policy will enhance the capacity of Malawi to meet its commitments to reach its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of halving the number of people who do not have access to basic sanitation by 2015, it will also go further by helping to empower the people of Malawi to achieve universal access to improved sanitation by 2020. and commensurate with the size, scope and relative impacts of the project medicinal, scientific, research, tourism and other socio-economic developments. 4.6.5. with the NEAP. 4.6.2. 4.9.7. hÞbbd``b`nŒ ÂH0å –Å@¢ÜHX\¿€›#Û; ‹+ñÿwõo€ \“ 4.2.1.4 Making a provision that enables government to declare environmentally private/NGO population-influencing programmes. formal and non-formal education channels by all government institutions, Include women in the design, management and implementation of 4.5.1.1. intensified awareness programmes publicizing the scarcity and required must submit a project brief. 4.2.1.3 Supporting development Foster public support and encourage private investment in biodiversity 1631 0 obj <> endobj 4.10.5. 4.6.3. Promote Eco-tourism both as a means of conserving natural resources Branch (LRCB) of Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MOALD) treaties and agreements, provide relevant information and advise the concerned 4.4.2 Gazette the types and sizes of all projects for which environmental or programme in question. to develop a project for which an environmental impact assessment may be Effectively manage the impacts of climate change through interventions that build and sustain the social and ecological resilience of Malawians; and ii. Environmental Affairs is a government department established under Section 93 (1) of the Constitution of Malawi to exercise general supervision and coordination over all matters relating to the management of the environment and natural resources. of occupational hazards and safety measures. 4.13.3.Empower local communities to manage common property resources employment and increased agricultural productivity. 4.7.2 Include an environmental component to the training offered at at alllevels and empower them to protect, conserve and sustainably utilize Provide the environmental affairs institution with the necessary resources to carry out its mandate to facilitate the implementation of the National Environmental Policy through the following actions: 4.1.1.1. in close collaboration with line ministries, advise government on all environmental matters; (c) Ensure that the District Environmental Action Plan is consistent (b) Government Ministries and Departments shall move towards becoming 4.4.3 Require that any person, private or public organization desiring technologies in order to reduce the use of fuelwood and enhance carbon The NEAP describes the condition of the environment in Malawi and proposes the measures to be taken in order to address the situation. Tailor public awareness campaigns, formal and informal education, 4.11.8. 4.1.1.1. in close collaboration with line ministries, advise government Educate the public and local experts on best systems for design areas have appropriate sanitation and waste and effluent disposal systems. to support sustainable management of the environment. Environmental Health measures the protection of human health from environmental harm. Overall Outcome Malawi is resilient to economic and environmental shocks and able to sustain inclusive growth, food and nutrition security, and improved well-being for all Malawians. Due to the crosscutting nature of the disaster risk management function, the NDRM Policy is linked to the following social, infrastructure, environmental and natural resources policies: National Social Support Policy; Malawi Decentralization Policy 4.12.9. (d) A comprehensive land tenure policy shall encompass not only property The law will be amended as and when necessary, to be in line with current scientific, technological knowledge and environmental social needs. It also concerns the conservation … environment. 4.11.10. environmental disaster losses in order to achieve socio-economic growth in the country. Reduce gas emissions from the transport sector, and the manufacturing and provide benefits to local communities so that they are motivated to 4.10.4. and monitoring, Environmental Education and public awareness, Private sector and community participation, Environmental human resource development such as land use policy and sustainable agriculture policies. environmental impact assessments and the preparation of environmental impact and natural, water, fisheries, wetlands, minerals, rangelands and wildlife). communities and the private sector in the development of policies, laws hÞb```¢Xfæy‚ cBŽh€‘áÆEF^ÆùˆUðYÇ'4Ãó Ï”®:8¸mXî0j”s˜#à- Å ¼‰c‹Z“ÌA…)þJDïqÜc¾ÄÃ(q bÿ•¾yœ‹X62…thØÿÀ©B9@x ÷\MÆÛ¥;nçÙËöE«L»Zäñ¸¯²|ãr‹…†‹¥œ¥€„•°”á ]b1qñD ˜´ÒK,¥`́‹A”áâ‰P(á )°@¹âN¨Y8X;8ÀDƒÒ` 3. Improve water borne sanitation systems and solid waste disposal 4.12.7. Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization or government to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.These issues generally include air and water pollution, waste management, ecosystem management, maintenance of biodiversity, the management of natural resources, wildlife and endangered species. (f) Success in achieving the objective of population policy crucially and biodiversity, and of earning income. (b) Greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced and greenhouse gas sinks Facilitate women's participation in population and environment 4.11.12. hÞ´“ëkÛ0ÀÿÁ>nEÒéaJÀNc6è6XÊ2(ýà&Â1uì`»£ý陸ì. 4.13.1.Develop a land use policy to guide and ensure sustainable land the central role of land in poliTica1, economic and social development of experts:;. damage to the environment. (c) It is necessary to control localized air pollution, especially in environment. %PDF-1.5 %âãÏÓ 4.2.1.6 Recognizing and supporting participation of Malawi in regional Strengthen the health inspectorate for urban and rural area school system and other institutions of learning. sensitive sites/areas as protected areas. and the environmental management institution with respect to land use and through attractive pricing policy, contracts, leases and concessions. and environmental management; (f) provide a framework for encouraging maximum participation of individuals, drawn from various disciplines relevant to the field of population. (d) The climate is a valuable natural resource which, if not well managed, consideration by the Government; 4.1.1.3. assist sector ministries to integrate environmental considerations supervisory and regulatory bodies which provide enabling policy and legislative and implementation of sanitation projects. research that will assist the implementation, monitoring and evaluation (b) To involve local communities in environmental planning and actions 4.1.1. impact assessment may be required. 4.11.5. (b), Environmental education shall be taught on a multi-disciplinary and public comments on them invited and taken into consideration. Add the population function to the mandate of the National Economic improved cultivation practices. National environmental policy 4. 4.5.1.3. establishment of environmental education associations and clubs. 4.2.1.1 Empowering the environmental affairs institution to oversee, 4.11.11. The Government of Malawi adopted a National Environmental Policy in 1996 to provide guidance and set standards for development of sector policies in environment and natural resources. Piloting the Use of Borrower Systems to Address Environmental and Social Safeguard Issues in Bank-Supported Projects . 4.8.5. To improve the health status of all people in Malawi by creating an environment free from Environmental health risks through provision of environmental health services offered by committed environmental health officers and other players. There are economic … 4.3.1.5. develop a national awareness of the importance of the efficient, (d) Population education in schools and colleges will make a major contribution Environmental challenges in malawi 1. 4.12.8. Establish and develop biodiversity networks, both national and must be well coordinated to ensure that the messages of all agencies involved and Ministry of Lands and Valuation in order to cater for improved land (c) Information, Education and Communication (IEC) is vital in creating Malawi is experiencing numerous problems of environmental degradation. systems (e.g. industry. The Malawi climate change policy aims to: i. Collect and desegregate by gender information related to the use of ozone friendly technologies. and implementation of a mechanism for application of environmental impact The country has transitioned from recurrent decision-making, resource ownership and management. Encourage privatization of waste management. conserve the resources and use them in a sustainable manner. public and."' Ensure that all hospitals, clinics, public places and residential and public places. (c) Environmental education and awareness shall be promoted through 1647 0 obj <>stream (e) Environmental Impact Assessments and Statements shall be made public basis and integrated into on-going curriculum review at the pre-school, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. 4.10.6. and establish a computerized land information data base to provide up-to-date This Act concerns the conservation and management of the environment in Malawi and prescribes environmental standards. public. Table A1 - Environmental and Social Safeguard Policies - Policy Objectives and Operational Principles. 4.4.4 Prescribe guidelines and regulations concerning the conduct of line ministries, local governments, local committees, the private sector, in order to empower local communities in the management of natural resources. education institutions. ‹*'fbnptÚ1 I¦ÔÒ¯fSíöìÝ̤áÒÇ&Ží–ãª@šŸÁë8öY@)¢’UA Ìe`x` 2£š to the (g) It is essential that responsibility for coordinating population domestic and other, waste at source in order to facilitate recycling of 4.3.1.1. identify and assess the principal environmental problems facing Environment Policy-2017 I. capacity and mechanisms for compliance. and disseminate them through various means. Establish a civic education committee to inform the public about This Policy Brief is produced with support from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through the Malawi Poverty and Environment and Initiative Project (MPEI). This loss threatens Malawi's tremendous potential for eco-tourism, which could … 2.0 MALAWI ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: ORIGINS, GOALS AND PRINCIPLES. The National Environmental Policy (NEP), developed from the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) and approved by Cabinet in 1996, was the first clear statement by the Government of Malawi of the central principles of environmental and natural resource management policy, developing in more detail the provisions of the new Constitution. policy-making and field officer levels. Adhere or conform to international biodiversity treaty obligations 4.13.2. Review information on land resources, use, occupation and ownership, coordinate and facilitate implementation of the environment policy. increased demand for family planning services and therefore IEC activities as disaster preparedness. 4.5.1.2.environmental component in the Adult Literacy materials so that cultural conditions. This human right flows from the Constitutional Principles of National Policy in respect to the environment. degraded land. such as planning, environmental economics and law, environmental information Promote tenants tenure security over land resources vis-a-vis Between 2000 and 2005, the country lost almost 35 percent of its primary forest cover. and plans for the management of the environment; (g) legalize the institution responsible for environmental affairs. Department of Research and Environmental Affairs: Author: Malawi. 4.9.3. Out of nine key issues it is ranked eighth on priority issues. 4.4.5 Review Environmental Impact Statements and take necessary actions of assisting the conservation of biodiversity. monitoring will be required for activities as determined by the mitigation endstream endobj startxref depends on changing negative traditional attitudes and practices as they (f) EIA procedures should be cost effective, appropriate, reasonable (c) Implementation strategies will focus more on establishing an enabling of the environment; and. Develop and implement an environmental education programme for Environmental Policy, Legislative and Institutional Framework 40 3.1 Environmental institutional framework 40 3.2 Environmental policy and legislation 44 3.3 Integration of environmental concerns into the main economic sectors 46 4. whose activities or omissions have or are likely to have an adverse impact Promote an enabling environment for the development of a land REPUBLIC OF MALAWI MINES & MINERALS POLICY OF MALAWI Ministry of Energy and Mines, Private Bag 350, Capital City, Lilongwe 3, MALAWI E-Mail: mmnre@sdnp.org.mw December 2007 Mines & Minerals Policy of Malawi be targeted to all those in public and private sectors whose activities plans and programmes for the development of Malawi; 4.3.1.3 identify strategies for preventing, controlling or mitigating assessment (EIA) in all development projects. vulnerability of the natural resources of the country aimed at students 4.10.3. Encourage adoption of systems that sort industrial, clinical, Council) (NEC) and support it by a Technical Advisory Committee comprising This is due to rapid population growth and man’s desire for improved living standards. 0 areas is critical to environmental sustainability together with other policies National Environmental Action Plan: Initial district environmental action suggestions Volume 2 of National Environmental Action Plan, Malawi. affect the environment in one way or another as well as to the general (b) The annual growth rate of the Malawian population should be reduced (b) Empowering CBOs to regulate resource management on common property The Malawi Government has introduced an environmental law within which EIA is a legal requirement for any prescribed projects under Section 24 (1) of the EMA. 4.11.2. (b) Basic training in environmental and natural resource management 4.12.6. (b) EIAs will consider not only biophysical impact but will also address 4.13.6. the programme can facilitate public awareness and community participation (d) An environmental education and public awareness programme shall This encompasses improvement at both the Ensure adequate regional and international cooperation for the Enact appropriate legislation to support the mandate of the water and adequate sanitation, educational services, opportunities of productive Provide alternative income generating activities as a means impinge on the present disadvantaged status of women in Malawi. the NGO community, and international and bilateral donors; 4.1.1.5 assist line ministries and agencies to develop guidelines,and. Government managed development projects. (e) Bush fires must be controlled to reduce air pollution and environmental (c) The conservation of biodiversity both within and outside protected conservation through public awareness campaigns and appropriate incentive that of the economy. institutions in enforcement of environmental legislation, regulations and Where necessary, new legislation will be introduced for customary, leasehold, Right to clean and healthy environment 5. 4.10.11 Enforce fire safety measures in all settlements, transport systems Air pollution in Malawi is recognized as one of the key environmental issues. 4.12.5. 4.2.1.2 Ensuring that an Environment Fund is established that will enhance environmental shocks that affect their lives and livelihoods. (b) Human settlements should incorporate environmental concerns as well Provide a mechanism for fair distribution of costs and benefits Recognize the importance of gender roles and gender analysis National Ozone Protection Unit. 4.11.9. 4.8.4. must be enhanced in order to prevent interference with the climate system. 1640 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<22179B003E0DA84F8E3055BE48F4644F><45CC27F90F09A54BB94A00C91A2A1452>]/Index[1631 17]/Info 1630 0 R/Length 64/Prev 336143/Root 1632 0 R/Size 1648/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream management ) and Environmental Engineering. that are relevant to Malawi's situation. Undertake operational, social, cultural, economic and demographic on environmental issues; (b) ensure that all people living in the country have the fundamental and extension services in environmental and natural resource management 4.11.4. of leasehold land, including the increase of rents to reflect the land's (e) In order to ensure effective family planning delivery, it is also right to an environment suitable for their health and well-being; (c) provide a framework for formulating, reviewing, and updating sectoral The EITI Board suspended Malawi on 16 October 2019 for failing to publish its 2016/17 EITI Report by 30 June 2019 (Decision 2019-60/BC-279).The suspension was lifted after Malawi published its report in November 2019 (Decision 2019-72/BC-282)Malawi EITI aims to be a key part of Malawi’s reforms to increase transparency and accountability in the natural resource sector. the youth and children, including their involvement in pilot projects in 4.10.8. 4.10.2. planning, impact assessment, monitoring, evaluation and review in the core implementation of environmental programmes. decisions. Public participation in environmental management 6. all training institutions. Environmental impact assessment, audits Restructure and strengthen the Land Resources and Conservation 4.9.5 Strengthen family planning services through provision of community environmental degradation. Environmental degradation is a serious issue in Malawi, with equally serious economic implications. remain some of the major environmental issues facing Malawi today. Productivity of major crops is significantly below potential yields due in part to reduced soil fertility caused by unsustainable land use practices. Return a significant portion of the benefits from sustainable 4.9.6. (d) Environmental Audits, including inspections, record-keeping and Assess and monitor the potential impact of climate change on Malawi faces continued challenges of deforestation, constrained water resources, declining fisheries, limited institutional capacity to manage natural resources, and farming practices that lead to soil erosion and reduced fertility, among others. in an environmentally sustainable manner. the functioning ecosystems, vegetation patterns and net carbon sinks. plans or otherwise. Finally, and most importantly, the report is intended to inform policy-makers about the challenges facing Malawi; outline possible future scenarios for the environment and development; and provide policy recommendations to support the country’s sustainable growth. Strengthen the existing national climate/meteorological database CEPA seeks to contribute to the development of environment and natural resources management best practices in Malawi and the Southern Africa Region. estate owners. and international treaties and conventions on natural resources and environment. 4.8.6. using appropriate technology as well as proper design, selection and licensing 4.13.10. Malawi Economic Report on Environmental Policy,1) IWvO \VIlU1t'') 'VOILuW 1: k1r1 Rep. r-t March 20, 1992 CoIunLry O)perattios I )i soun Southern Atriaa Depirtmient FOL OFFICIAL USE ONLY U Docum,it of the Wod Rank IThis docoimmnt haf a restricted distribution and may be used by recipients o'ify in the peernmance o4f their official duties. resources. For further enquiry contact: The Director, Environmental Affairs Department, Private Bag 394, Lilongwe 3, Malawi. In the context of Environment Policy, the definition of environment covers all the domains of environment – 4.9.2. 4.1.1.6 advise concerned ministries, agencies or otherwise duly authorized sinks. the urban environment, so as to reduce incidences of airborne diseases. 4.6.4. 4.11.7. smooth exchanges of climate information and control of trans-boundary atmospheric on all environmental matters; 4.1.1.2. in close collaboration with line ministries and other stakeholders, Promote and strengthen activities of the National Gene Bank. Department of Research and Environmental Affairs: Contributors: Felix N. D. Kaluma, Stephen K. Machira, Patrick C. Kamwendo: Publisher materials wherever possible. necessary to improve maternal and child health, provision of safe drinking This policy is an update of the first National Population Policy, which Malawi adopted in 1994. standards; monitor compliance with environmental legislation and arbitration of environment-related conflicting interests; 4.1.1.7 monitor adherence to international on the environment. NGOs, and theprivate sector. local communities. of land taxes to safeguard the productivity of land resources. Support adaptation programmes to reduce vulnerability to extreme climate events such as droughts and floods. schemes. will include gender analysis methodologies and tools. 4.8.3. Malawi National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan II (2015 – 2025) ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ABS-CH Access and Benefit Sharing Clearing House CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CBNRM Community-Based Natural Resources Management CBOs Community-Based Organisations CCENR Cabinet Committee on Environment and Natural Resources CEPA … %%EOF and the general public. To develop and review environmental plans at the district levels. of population policy. The National Environmental Policy, here in referred to as NEP, was adopted in 1996 and is based on the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP). air pollution. Environmental awareness campaigns should include dangers of 4.13.7. 4.13.9.Improve co-ordination between ministries, other institutions Fisheries, and National Parks and Wildlife to protect biodiversity involve to ensure that no projects proceed that may cause significant and irreparable (b) District Environmental Action Plans shall take into consideration 4.12.2. 4.2.1.7 Consulting with Treasury on the kind and type of fund and what health problems. statements, audits, monitoring and evaluations. 4.2.1.5 Ensuring that sectoral and cross-sectoral acts are consistent and monitoring networks. in natural resource management. facilitate review and formulate environmental policies and strategies for 4.12.4. critical to environmental sustainability now and in the future. international for information exchange and consultation. protected, or alternatives provided, including the opportunity to convert (b) Adequate capacity building is critical in environmental management, the nation's natural resources. are synchronized. based family services, rather than facility based. GIS and related technology), environmental control, waste freehold and public lands, including that providing for the introduction communities whose collaboration is needed to conserve the resources. utilization of natural resources on public and customary lands to the local Mobilise private sector resources to achieve environmental objectives different roles and priorities of men and women. Strengthen inspections of work environments and improve knowledge Deforestation (rampant cutting down of trees for timber), land degradation (the gradual deterioration of agricultural lands due to overpopulation and other factors), water pollution from agricultural runoffs, improper sewage and industrial waste disposals, etc. ministry and other relevant sectors. Centre for Environmental Policy and Advocacy (CEPA) is a not for profit public interest non-governmental organization registered as a company limited by guarantee in 2002. Inconsistent provisions in other written laws. Malawi's loss of primary tropical forest is of great concern to conservationists. 4.3.2. Environmental Assessment Annex A - Definitions Annex B - Content of an Environmental Assessment Report for a Category A Project in environmental management in all training programmes, at all levels. Integrate population and environmental education in the formal 1.3.3 Human Resources Development any adverse impacts on the environment; 4.3.1.4 assist in the determination of priorities for action in respect into their sector strategies; 4.1.1.4. develop institutional linkages, coordinate and liaise with Ensure that programmes undertaken by the Departments of Forestry, frameworks, for resource management activities. J‚è8s ˆ‘È á )¨\D˜Ù@ÇÐÆ^ use and compliance of the lease covenants relating to good land husbandry in order to assess the risks and consequences of environmentally related 4.5.1.4. mandatory environmental education in all formal and non-formal can become a serious constraint to socio-economic development. Develop and promote alternative energy sources to fuelwood and trees, both planted natural resources and Ecosystem Vitality measures ecosystem protection and resource management. 4.12.3. Maintain a National Ozone Protection Unit in order to promote market. (b) Biodiversity has an intrinsic value and is vital for agricultural, sustainable and equitable use and management of the environment and natural (b) To carry out the basic and applied, demand-driven research needed hazards. kind of sources the mechanisms will spell out for the fund. local concerns and needs and be disseminated to the public. Develop and enforce regulations regarding air emissions. gender issues. 4.11.6. EU and other Donor Co-Operation with the Country from an Environmental Perspective 50 environment to promote sustainable natural resource use and less on traditional 4.10.7. with the provisions of the environmental management law. Environmental Policy. 4.13.4.Review existing land laws in relation to all land tenure systems. market value or opportunity cost. of disposal sites and routes. PART Ill-THE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AUTHORITY 7. conventions and treaties on sustainable utilization of natural resources uncontrolled bush fires and proper management of bush fires. to leasehold. 4.10.9. policies and programs be entrusted to a high-powered body. information for current and future planning. 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