And the soil pollution effects are adverse on plants and trees – they are developing different diseases. Ex: 1. Oil pollution in particular is a kind of water pollution, and a dangerous one at that. (with statistics). injurious to health. Global economic losses caused by soil degradation are expected to exceed 10 % of the world's annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Proper waste management: Harmful wastes can be transported to locations that are empty and uninhabited and then these materials can decompos… Plagiarism Prevention 4. The complex soil involves the presence of other chemicals and natural conditions which may interact with the released pollutants. And reuse the things which can be utilized in one way or another after use. Your email address will not be published. Some of them are metals, inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, and decomposition of organisms. Pollution refers to the level of contaminants that exceeds the natural concentration of these substances. Soil pollution effects may vary based on age, general health status and other factors, such as the type of pollutant or contaminant inhaled or ingested. As a whole, soil pollution has been a major cause of concern for many nations now. The waste coming from cancer hospitals is also radioactive. And education against pollution and its effects must be started from a very young age with students. Bioactive chemicals are also called Creeping Deaths. Special pits should be selected for dumping wastes. And the soil pollution effects have damaged various lives and economy. Soil Pollution is in fact known as one of the major pollution types occurring on the earth currently. Soil pollution is the reduction in the productivity of soil due to the presence of soil pollutants. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects & Solutions Soil pollution (also called soil contamination) can be defined as the occurrence of toxic chemicals in the soil. This in turn can affect the sales of crops. The garbage from the factories should be sent to the purifying plants first and they should be immersed only after proper treatment. Strict penalties must be imposed on law violators. 5. are present in industrial wastes and reach the soil either directly with water or indirectly through air. Control measures of Water Pollution: Setting up of effluent treatment plants to treat wastewater can reduce the pollution load in the recipient water. People try to prove themselves cool and in that process, they neglect the nature. Content Guidelines 2. Soil pollutants have an adverse effect on the physical chemical and biological properties of the soil and reduce its productivity. Thus, due to many different human activities such as overuse of pesticides the soil will lose its fertility. Thermal Pollution – Causes, Effects and Control Measures As of now, we all have understood that environmental pollution like air, water, land, etc. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. Different human activities like use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, disposal of urban waste, industrial waste, use of toxic substances, radioactive emissions etc. Year after years, steps are being taken to maintain the quality of the soil, and to reduce pollution. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. Soil pollution is the reduction in the productivity of soil due to the presence of soil pollutants. Although salt is present even naturally in soil. The earth is a vast ecosystem within it. Soil degradation is a complex problem that requires governments, institutions, communities and individuals to take joint measures. And thus declining the income to an average farmer whose livelihood is entirely dependent on the crops. In these residues, radiation elements such as strontium, cadmium, uranium, and ladders are found, which affect the vitality and fertility of the land. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. are also some of the man-made causes of soil pollution. To curb the pollution, the use of fertilizers and other artificial chemicals may be used. Organic insecticides like DDT, aldrin, benzene hex chloride etc. The low-quality soil becomes a huge barrier in the agricultural field that affects the productivity of crops. They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Health effects include reduced ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to body cells and tissues. Required fields are marked *. Most of the radioactive waste generate from nuclear power plants. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control of soil pollution can be taken care of and can be reduced. They accumulate in the soil as they degrade very slowly by soil and water bacteria. The effects of industries are numerous as they are of all types and each has different processes that occur in each of them. These essays will also guide you to learn about the types, causes, severe effects, initiatives and preventive measures for soil pollution. Consequently, they have a very deleterious effect on the plant growth stunting their growth and reducing the yield and size of fruit. There are various causes of soil pollution, some of them are – Accidental spills and leaks during storage, transport or use of chemicals, mining activities, agricultural activities, waste disposal methods etc. Some of the ways to control soil pollution are: optin-monster-shortcode id=”xf2mlnjiouddzrshykdb”] 1. Even the soil, the richest form of earth is polluted, how? Pollution and Pollutants: Causes, Effects and Control Measures Today, environmental pollution is a major problem which affects humans and other life forms. The main reason why the soil becomes contaminated is due to the presence of man made waste. 4. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. Industrial pollution is also affecting soil quality when the chemicals from factories get their way into landfills. Therefore, intensification of agricultural production by practices of irrigation (causes salination), excessive fertilisers, pesticides, insecticides etc. are polluting soil to a great extent. Causes. ... Control measures: ... and pollution due to urbanization and other anthropogenic substances causes soil pollution. “Land pollution is Contamination of anything that makes Soil or Land dirty and unhealthy which is also harmful to biotic and abiotic components. Plants need specific atmospheric conditions; proper nutrients according to plant type are required. They can pollute the soil either alone or combined with several natural soil contaminants. have cre­ated the problems of soil pollution. The acid rain is also one of the major soil pollution effects. The most common pollutants are biological agents and the chemicals used by humans. Their degradation products may be absorbed by the plants from where they reach the animals and man through the food chains. And potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer. And this neglect is one of the major causes of soil pollution. According to the report by the Agriculture ministry of China, more than 12 million tons of grains that are polluted are disposed off every year. which constitute a major source of land pollution by biological agents. Apart from the measures discussed above, it is also essential for the public to have awareness of the harm they are knowingly or unknowingly causing. This method will help in abundance for the control of soil pollution. Soil pollution also destroys local vegetation. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution.• Land pollution occurs when solid or liquid waste materials deposits on land or underground that can contaminate the soil and groundwater“. As a result, the produce on a polluted soil is much less or is of inferior quality. Soil erosion can be controlled by a variety of forestry and farm practices. Soil pollutants have an adverse effect on the physical chemical and biological properties of the soil and reduce its productivity. But due to these chemicals, the soil is losing its capacity to regenerate. Pollution of every kind is harmful to nature. And the crops often produced on such soils are discarded due to the immense levels of toxicity. in the excess amount. Let us look in to what is soil pollution, its causes, types, prevention and effects. Pesticides, fertilizers, organic manure, chemicals, radioactive wastes, discarded food, … Soil pollution can be checked by restricting the use of above mentioned soil pollutants, resorting to organic farming, adopting better agriculture practices etc. but here we will discuss soil pollution only. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. And this also reduces the quality of the groundwater present below the soil. These chemicals create a lot of waste which goes into the soil and after a certain point, the soil dies. This will in turn cause soil erosion. The primary cause of soil pollution is a lack of awareness in general people. Urban waste and industrial waste contain residues of harmful toxic inorganic and organic chemicals. Due to all these things, the pollution on earth is increasing at a tremendous rate resulting in global warming. The chemicals used to kill pests (pesticides), increase fertility of soil (fertilizers), control insects (insecticides), etc. 3. This is because these additions in higher concentration are harmful to the ecosystem. One of the most dangerous causes of soil pollution is the use of bioactive chemicals. They provide us with oxygen to breathe. The waste coming from cities are disposed and dumped in dumping yards. Due to this, the micro-organisms of climate and other soil are being destroyed resulting in decreased quality of the soil. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … Heavy application of manures and digested sludge can cause serious damage to plants within a few years Control measures of soil pollution: 1. Below, the man-made causes are explained in detail. There are various soil pollution effects on plants as well. Contamination from industries pollutes air, water, soil and they combine light and noise pollution.Radiation is a by-product of the energy industry. When these contaminants exceed the natural level, it starts polluting. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! are used against soil borne pests. Most of these wastes are non-degradable and they lay on the surface of the soil. Sources. This is possible due to an imbalance between atmospheric decomposition and the complex soil environment. People are neglecting the earth and its atmosphere, and their reckless living is impacting their surroundings. From the soil they reach the plants and then into the grazing animals (livestock) from where ultimately reach man through milk and meat etc. This leads to the death of plants growing in the soil due to the increased pH levels. Recycle the used materials. Disclaimer 9. That is, the pollution in the soil allows for the emission of nitrogen into the atmosphere and the decomposition of organic matter present in the soil. A Few Things to Look For While Choosing Skincare Products for Daily Routine, Birthday Occassions can be Made More Special with the Use of Custom Yard Signs, What Steps Entrepreneurs Should Follow to Enter a New Market Strongly, What are Gooroo Courses and How are they Making Education Accessible for All, This Is How You Can Get Your Address Changed To Keep Receiving Your Mails. And when they are consumed, they can cause severe health issues. The challenges faced in soil remediation (decontamination of soil) … Apart from this, even the salt content in the soil increases thanks to the soil pollution. Soil pollution also has an impact on the quality of water and air. These pollutants are consumed by plants, making them nutritionless. Speech on Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Measures!. This is nothing new, given that we take the resources she provided for being granted. 2. This high concentration makes it difficult for the plants to correctly absorb the nutrients present in the soil. In some countries, due to the soil pollution, the soil contains heavy amounts of lead. Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control is the fourth edition of a best-selling introductory level book dealing with chemical and radioactive pollution in its broadest sense. As a result, the soil gets polluted, causing degradation of its quality. The remediation would certainly take time and already many measures are being taken by organic farmers and the government to improve soil quality and reduce soil pollution. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Soil is the home of a huge number of organisms. Appropriate measures should be taken to ensure that the noise from the restrictions is not violated. The economic losses of farmers in china thus amount to close to 2.5 billion dollars. is a significant threat to … It is important that we take this seriously even though the effects of it are slow. But, their excessive use is poisoning the soil. This is one of the major causes of soil pollution. Human and animal excreta used as organic manure to promote crop yield, pol­lute the soil by contaminating the soil and vegetable crops with the pathogens that may be present in the excreta. But it is costly for an average farmer to afford. Nitrogen Dioxide: It is a reddish-brown irritating gas that causes photochemical smog. 2. It also plays a key role in the distribution of the plants. ... -Control of noise pollution and the Supreme Court had already effective measures to ensure the proper pollution under control. Your email address will not be published. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! ... Long term effects of soil pollution . Farmers and gardeners use them to increase the crop production. In addition, they may get stuck under several layers, polluting the land and some waste creates harmful fumes. This article will discuss the causes and effects of the different kinds of pollution. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. So, the waste coming from hospitals contains the maximum amount of bioactive pollutants. alter the basic composition of the soils and make the soil toxic for plant growth. Soil is an important part to maintain the natural environment of the ecosystem. Use of pesticides should be minimized. If the soil is contaminated, home-grown vegetables and fruits may become polluted too. Methods to control Soil Pollution• Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use.• Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. In the long run, the cycle of acid creation continues which results in further reduction of soil fertility and creates soil erosion. Essay on Soil Pollution! Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! Naturally, the soil regenerates its fertility and nutrients after a certain period of time. Substances such as Radium, Thorium, Uranium, Nitrogen, etc. Prevention and control of soil pollution are as vital as water and air pollution control. It is very toxic and can harm anything which comes near it or in contact. The soil pollution effects are also for humans due to the inhalation of gases emitted from soil moving upward. through acid rain). The presence of chemicals and harmful pollutants in soil, higher than the natural level, is also termed as soil pollution. Content Filtrations 6. Soil pollution can be controlled if proper care is taken and the harmful acts are reduced. And when it is disposed, it kills all the nutrients of the soil and soil becomes permanently dead and poisonous. This is because they play in grounds and come in contact with the soil more. are radioactive and can infiltrate the soil and create toxic effects. Privacy Policy 8. Soil or land pollution can be defined as the “changes in physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil through man’s intervention/misuse of land and hence resulting in degradation in quantity and productivity of the soil. Soil pollutants have an adverse effect on the physical chemical and biological properties of the soil and reduce its productivity. Kids are more prone to get affected due to this than the adults. Pollution is of various types depending on their medium, such as water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution etc. The treated effluent can be reused either for gardening or cooling purposes or wherever possible. Also, it has been noted that the plants which are grown in this region are highly poisonous. And contribute your efforts in the control of soil pollution. We will be discussing the soil pollution introduction, effects, control, and causes of soil pollution. Toxic chemicals enter the diet chain, and they reach the top consumer. SoakMind.com uses Cookies to enhance your experience on this website. Thus, oil pollution due to any cause greatly affects the quality of natural water bodies and is classified under pollution. As a result, soil pollution has been directly or indirectly responsible for many farmer deaths in the country. (e.g. Environmental Pollution- Causes, Effects and Control Measures Prepared by M.SHANMUGARAJ M.E., V.S.V.N Polytechnic College, Virudhunagar Tamil Nadu India 2. And some mix in soil through atmosphere and wind activity. And at the extreme level of consumption, they are becoming poisonous i.e. Soil pollution: Causes, eff ects and control (On world soil day, December 5, 2015) Dr. Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Dr. Naseer Mohammad and . The causes of pollution are not just limited to fossil fuels and carbons emissions. Soil soil pollution causes, effects and control measures they lay on the ground excessive/improper use of herbicides,,... Nuclear power plants chemicals not only pollute soil but also pollute water as they are developing different.. Or in contact kinds of pollution are disastrous pollution effects, it is necessary to reduce and of! 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